Advocating for Animals

Being an advocate for animals is essential to bring about long-term change. MHS works to improve animal protection laws and regulations. This work couldn’t be possible without people like you who make phone calls, write letters, attend lobby days at the State House, and meet with legislators to help improve the lives of animals.

How to Pass Animal Protection Laws

  1. What does a legislator do
  2. Learn about your legislator
  3. Contact your legislators
  4. Tips for meeting with your legislators
  5. Tips for writing a letter to your legislators
  6. Tips for calling/emailing
  7. How laws are passed
  8. Success stories

1. What does a legislator do?

A legislator’s activities include:

  • introducing and/or cosponsoring legislation
  • holding hearings, or testifying at hearings, on legislation
  • lobbying other legislators
  • meeting with constituents
  • Campaigning for office.

Each legislator is assigned to at least one-and sometimes many-committee(s). Assignments are made by the leadership and are usually based on the interests and experience of the legislator. Find out what committee(s) your legislators sit on, and how active they are in the committee’s work

2.  Learn about your legislator

The more you know about the legislator who you are going to lobby, the more effective you will be in your efforts. Answers to questions such as those listed below will give you a better idea of how to approach that particular legislator. Whether you plan to write a letter, make a phone call, or set up a face-to-face meeting, a little preparation can go a long way in helping you be an effective advocate for the issues that are important to you. Remember legislators are people too, so treat them as such.

  • Where is his or her district?
  • What was his or her background prior to being elected to office?
  • What hobbies does he or she have?
  • Is he or she a new or seasoned legislator?
  • What is his or her voting record on similar and opposite issues?
  • What are his or her constituents like?
  • What other issues that concern you has he or she sponsored or voted for in the past?

  3. Contact your legislator

NH State Legislators

Look up your state legislators  (

US Federal Legislators from NH-Congress people (who work in Washington, D.C.) make laws that affect the entire country.

4. Tips for meeting with your legislators

  • Make an appointment to meet with your legislator

If you are planning on visiting the State House office of an elective official, call at least three weeks prior to visiting. It is important to know in advance the dates that the state legislature is in session prior to planning your trip. You will rarely find a senator or representative in his or her office on Friday as the state legislature is not in session on that day. Check with their staff to find out when recesses are scheduled, make your appointment, and then arrange your trip.

If you are planning on meeting with your legislator in his or her district office, Fridays and scheduled recesses are the best time to meet with them. Some state legislators have regular district hours in the same place every week, like a library or meeting room within a town or city hall. Others rotate around the district and will publish their district hours in local newspapers. Some have evening hours as well as daytime hours. Arrive on time and don’t expect to have more than about 15 or 20 minutes to meet with the legislator.

If meeting at the State House, know that you may be interrupted by roll call votes or other pressing business that may pull the legislator away. If you are meeting with the legislator and a staff person, the staff person will probably stay with you if the legislator is called away. If meeting with your legislator in the district office, there will probably be a number of constituents lined up behind you to also give him or her a piece of their mind or to ask for his or her help on something.

  • During your meeting

Keep your discussion of the issue brief and to the point. Have at least two copies of any material you want to share with the legislator (one to give to him or her and one for you to use as reference as you talk). Offer to leave them if he or she wants them. Don’t weight down your package of material with trivial items. Stick to a one page fact sheet, letters of support from other constituents, and newspaper articles or editorials in support of your position. If you are aware of other lengthy statistical or data-based material that supports your position, offer to share them only if your legislator wants copies. Otherwise, use them only through footnotes or references in a fact sheet.

If the legislator is unavailable to meet with you but a staff person who handles the issue can meet instead, go for it. Don’t be dismissive of staff members. The staff person is often the one with the most knowledge on an issue and usually welcomes the input of constituents or experts on the issues. Staff members often make recommendations to the legislator. Winning over the staff member is one of the best ways to win over the elected official.

If the legislator is adamantly opposed to your position, stay cool and calmly reiterate your position, showing broad based support for it.

If he or she is not swayed by your presentation and disagrees with you, don’t get hostile. Just because your legislator was against you on this issue, doesn’t mean he or she will always be. Let him or her know you appreciate his or her time and consideration of your viewpoint. Don’t threaten to vote him or her out of office!

Thank the legislator and/or staff person for their time and let them know you will follow through with any promised material at a later date.

  • After your meeting

Write a thank-you note. Whether your legislator has agreed or disagreed with you or was non-committal, he or she at least took the time to listen to you. Thank him or her (and the staff person).

Follow through with any material you promised to send.

After two weeks, call to see if the non-committed legislator has now made a decision on his or her position. Remind the staff person that you met with the legislator and are following through to see if his or her boss has made a decision.

5. Tips for writing a letter to your legislator

When there is time before a committee meeting or vote on a bill, writing a letter can be a very persuasive way of getting your message across to your legislator. Here are some dos and don’ts for making your letter as strong as possible.


  • Make sure you are sending your correspondence to the correct elected official. U.S. Representatives and Senators vote on federal bills; state representatives and state senators vote on state bills; and city councilors, selectmen, county supervisors, etc. vote on local bills or ordinances.
  • Type or print your letter.
  • Be specific about the issue. List the bill number and the title of the bill, if known, and what the bill addresses.
  • Be brief. State your position in precise words and explain why you feel that way. Let your elected official know if you have personal expertise in, or experience with, the issue.
  • Ask politely for your legislator’s views and/or support or opposition.
  • Ask that your legislator write back to you letting you know where he or she stands on the issue.
  • If the legislator has been supportive of your issues in the past, make sure you acknowledge that support. Write him or her a thank-you letter when your legislator comes through for animals, the environment, or any other issue you care about.
  • Use the correct address and salutation on your letters.


  • Even if you know that your legislator’s stand on an issue is different from yours, be polite in explaining your point of view and in asking him or her to change his position. Threats will send your letter to the trash.
  • Remember that your elected officials hear from many constituents on many issues. If you write too often, they will stop paying attention to your letters.
  • If your elected official writes back with a vague response or an “I’ll keep your thoughts in mind if this matter comes to a vote,” send the letter back, thank him or her for writing and ask for clarification about where he or she stands on the issue.
  • Remember that most meaningful legislation takes years to become law. Don’t get discouraged.

6. Tips to call or e-mail your elected representative

When Calling

If your elected official is unavailable to speak to you, ask to speak to the staff person who handles the issue you are concerned about.

  • If you are polite and respectful of their time, you will find a much more sympathetic ear than if you are dismissive and rude.
  • Tell the person on the other end of the phone that you appreciate his/her taking your call and that you simply wanted to register your feelings on a particular issue with the elected official. You hope to have his/her support and will call again at a later date to see what the outcome was on the vote or debate.
  • Thank the person for their time and give him or her your name, address and phone number to confirm that you are a constituent and to give your legislator’s office an opportunity to get back in touch with you if needed.

When E-Mailing

To get an updated listing of e-mail addresses, visit   ( )

Keep your e-mail messages short, sweet and to the point. Give the bill number (if one exists) that you are concerned about, a short presentation of your views and any pertinent facts, and ask for your elected official’s support of your position. Make sure you give your voting address.

Checking the Status of Legislation

If you are unsure where a bill is in the legislative process, you can check by going here :

7. How laws are passed

There are many good resources online to learn how laws are passed. The more understanding you have of the law making process, the better you will be prepared to advocate for what you believe is right. Here is a flow chart to give you a general idea of the process on the federal level.

8. Success Stories

2019 HB 459 for animals seized in cruelty cases there must be a status hearing within 14 days; defendants must pay the costs of care while the case is resolved

2016  HB 1547  prohibiting bestiality ( Cheshire County case against Nicholas Cole, 2014)

2014 HB 1410   including companion animals in domestic violence protection orders